First cousin to the cleek is the mid-iron, and yet the master of the former may have something to learn about the use of the latter.
In the diagram I show how the mid-iron is used by the professionals and all those who “take turf” after “going through” the ball.
A thing which has a most decided influence upon the ball is the fact that the club face is more at right angles or less lofted in relation to the ground and meets the ball at the same angle or loft that the driver does and naturally a longer ball results.
The ball is lifted or sent into the air by its re bound from the “springy” turf, due in part to the fact that the club is coming downward, forcing the ball against the ground, and partly to the fact that, the ball, being collapsed or compressed, as shown in position 2, the natural expansion of the ends, especially the lower end, for it become an oval, meets with resistance which upon reaction emphasizes the bounce upward.
Besides this you have the pressure under the ball of the turf, which has been cut, forcing the ball up sharply, which aids materially in overcoming the back spin.
In playing this shot the player must remember that instead of looking at the ball and taking the gage of it as though he were driving it up, he must realize that it should look to him as though he were actually driving the ball into the ground four or five inches ahead of position 1, and in order to make the shot successfully he must really try to accomplish this.
By noting the dotted line t, which shows the line of travel of the ball, you will see that the ball does actually start down, but it bounces away and forward before the club comes up again.
The club still keeps onward and down until it reaches position 3. The idea should be to cut into the earth below the roots of the grass but lightly and not to bury the club into the turf after hitting the ball.
The whole success of the stroke depends upon the player connecting with the ball before the club reaches the bottom of the swing in order that the lowest point in the swing will be about four or five inches ahead of the ball.