When the player considers that the pivot of the sweep is not at the hands, but at the pivotal center between the shoulders, he will better grasp the flatness of the arc made by the sweep of the club when it’ goes through the ball. Bear in mind that the angles at which you address the ball have little or no influence, but it is the way you take your gage at the top of the swing that counts.
The distance between the pivotal center and the ball as you address it is the equivalent in a man of say five feet seven using forty-three-inch clubs of a circle the radius of which is seventy inches. This would give a circle nearly twelve feet in diameter. This is why it is possible to get such a flat arc when you reach the ball.
From the illustration it may be thought that I am reaching out for the ball, but that is not the case. My arms are both close to my body and both are straight. The club shaft and left arm are in line and both are parallel to the right leg. This gives the player a firmer control of the club with the left arm or guiding arm than when the left wrist is bent in as you are compelled to do when the ball’ is addressed with the club shaft in line between the eyes and the ball. The position shown also gives a little more play to the left arm in starting the back swing and much greater freedom in the wrist.
The moment the left knee is bent in it throws the left shoulder forward while the right hip is drawn backward and this makes it possible to draw the left arm around close to the body.
As the body is tilted at an angle of nearly forty-five degrees, it is necessary to bring the left shoulder around as low as possible to avoid striking the chin at the top of the swing, thus moving or jarring the head and interfering with a clear view of the ball. The mistake with the vast majority of players is that they do not keep the body tilted at the same angle as when they ad-dressed their ball, due to the fact that they at-tempt to bring the club up over their shoulders by a direct lifting up of the club instead of by tilting the body.
The shoulders play a very vital part in the swing due to their great power, and any undue play of the shoulders is bound to affect the arms and the club. The entire effort should be to keep the shoulders in the same plane throughout their sweep. Avoid raising them, as that changes the relative position of the club to the ball.